Why Is Cybersecurity So Tricky? Insights from a Security Expert

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I’ve dedicated my career to protecting individuals and businesses from digital threats. But the more I work in this field, the more I realize just how tricky it really is. Cybersecurity isn’t just about implementing firewalls and antivirus software. It’s about understanding the psychology of hackers and anticipating their next move. It’s about being one step ahead of constantly evolving technology. It’s about recognizing the human element of security and how emotions can play a role in making decisions that put us at risk. In this article, I’ll explore why cybersecurity is such a tricky subject, and share insights from my years of experience in the field.

Why is cybersecurity a hard problem?

Cybersecurity is a hard problem for a number of reasons. One of the main factors contributing to the difficulty of cybersecurity is the complexity of technology. Every IT system has the possibility of an “attack surface” that an attacker could exploit. This attack surface includes any vulnerabilities or weaknesses in the security protocols, and can be very difficult to identify and defend against. However, there are a number of other factors that also contribute to the challenge of cybersecurity.

Here are some of the key reasons why cybersecurity is such a hard problem:

  • Cloud-based technology and API-based architecture are constantly expanding the attack surface. As more systems and data are moved to the cloud, the potential for data breaches and cyberattacks also increases. Similarly, API-based architecture allows for more complex and interconnected systems, but also creates more potential vulnerabilities that hackers can exploit.
  • The legacy systems that many organizations use are often too complex and layered to be able to defend against cyberattacks. Many organizations have IT systems that were built years or even decades ago, and these systems may be difficult to update or secure.
  • Human error is also a common problem in cybersecurity. Employees may inadvertently download malware or click on phishing links, and hackers can use social engineering techniques to trick people into providing sensitive information.
  • Cybercriminals are constantly evolving their tactics and techniques, making it difficult for organizations to keep up. This means that companies need to be constantly vigilant and proactive in their cybersecurity efforts.
  • The global nature of the internet also complicates cybersecurity efforts. Hackers can be located anywhere in the world and can launch attacks on organizations from remote locations.

    Despite the many challenges that cybersecurity presents, it is crucial for organizations to prioritize their cybersecurity efforts. This includes implementing strong security protocols, training employees on cybersecurity best practices, and staying up to date with the latest threats and vulnerabilities. By taking a proactive approach to cybersecurity, organizations can reduce their risk of a data breach and better protect their sensitive data and intellectual property.


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    1. Cybersecurity is a constantly evolving problem; therefore, it is important to stay up to date with the latest trends and developments to remain effective.

    2. Cyber attacks can come from anywhere in the world, making it difficult to eliminate all potential sources of threat.

    3. Cybersecurity requires a deep understanding of technology and how it is used, as well as the ability to anticipate and react quickly to new threats.

    4. Despite the risks associated with cyber attacks, not all organizations take cybersecurity seriously enough, which can lead to data breaches and other security issues.

    5. Many cyber crimes go unreported, which can make it difficult to quantify the true extent of the problem and develop effective strategies for prevention.

    Why is Cybersecurity a Hard Problem?

    In today’s technology-driven world, cybersecurity has become an increasingly complex issue, and there are several reasons why this is so. One major factor is the growing complexity of technology, which has led to the creation of multiple attack surfaces that cyber-criminals can exploit. Additionally, cloud-based technology and API-based architecture have become more widely used in recent years, further exacerbating the issue of attack surfaces. Finally, the challenge of legacy systems and layered systems make cybersecurity even more challenging, as these systems have been developed over time with different technologies and security processes.

    The Growing Complexity of Technology

    Technology has become increasingly complex, with multiple layers of hardware and software. In addition, new technology is constantly being developed, which poses new challenges for cybersecurity. For example, the internet of things (IoT) has created a new range of connected devices, which opens up new attack surfaces that can be exploited by hackers. As the number of devices connected to the internet increases, so too does the risk of a cyber-attack.

    The Existence of Attack Surfaces

    An attack surface is the sum total of all the different avenues through which a cybercriminal can attempt to breach a system’s security. Each IT system has its own unique attack surface, which can be exploited with malicious intent. As the technology used in IT systems becomes more complex, the attack surface expands, and this makes it more difficult to defend against cyber-attacks.

    Some examples of attack surfaces are:

    • The physical hardware that makes up the IT system
    • The operating system and applications installed on the IT system
    • The network protocols and protocols used to communicate between devices

    The Risk of Cloud-Based Technology

    Cloud-based technology is becoming increasingly popular, as it offers numerous benefits, including cost savings, flexibility, and scalability. However, it also presents new security challenges. Cloud-based technology means that IT systems are no longer located on-premise, but rather are hosted by a third-party, which means that the attack surface expands. Additionally, cloud-based technology often involves sharing of resources between different organizations, which means that if one organization’s system is compromised, it could potentially affect the security of other organizations.

    The Expansion of API-Based Architecture

    API (application programming interface) based architecture is another trend that is becoming increasingly popular. APIs are used to allow different systems to communicate with each other, and they enable the creation of complex systems that can be easily integrated with other systems. The problem is that APIs also represent a new attack surface that can be exploited by cyber-criminals. Additionally, APIs are often designed to be open and accessible, which makes them easier to exploit than other parts of a system.

    The Challenge of Legacy Systems

    Many organizations are still using legacy systems to run their IT infrastructure, which can make it difficult to defend against cyber-attacks. These systems were often developed using older technology, which means that they may not have the latest security features or protocols built into them. This can make it easier for cyber-criminals to find vulnerabilities within the system and exploit them. Additionally, legacy systems are often layered on top of other systems, which makes it difficult to implement consistent security measures across different layers.

    Layered Systems and Cybersecurity

    Layered systems are used in many organizations to provide additional security measures. These systems involve the use of multiple security solutions at different layers of the IT infrastructure. However, layered systems are only effective if they are implemented correctly. If the different layers are not integrated correctly, cyber-criminals can find vulnerabilities in the system and exploit them. Additionally, layered systems can be difficult to manage, which means that mistakes can be made that leave the system vulnerable.

    Defending Against Cyber-Attacks

    Despite the many challenges associated with cybersecurity, there are ways to defend against cyber-attacks. These include:

    • Implementing multi-layered security solutions that cover all attack surfaces
    • Using encryption to protect sensitive data
    • Regularly patching and updating systems to address vulnerabilities
    • Educating employees on the importance of cybersecurity and how to identify potential threats
    • Conducting regular security audits to identify vulnerabilities in the system

    In summary, cybersecurity is a complex issue that requires constant attention and vigilance. The growing complexity of technology, the existence of attack surfaces, the risk of cloud-based technology, the expansion of API-based architecture, the challenge of legacy systems, and layered systems all make cybersecurity a hard problem to solve. However, with the right strategies in place, it is possible to defend against cyber-attacks and protect sensitive data.