Some hiring companies ask for work experience of a few years, whereas others offer opportunities to newbies as well. The demand for work experience depends on the level of job and the organization’s policies. So, you should apply for the one that suits your expertise and experience.
Aspiring candidates should start their careers from entry-level jobs such as database management, web developer or network engineer. These jobs help them learn the requirements of the field. This way, they can acquire the skill set required for the future role of a security administrator.
A security administrator should have the following skills. These help him to manage the continuously growing cybercrime rates that are a risk for a company.
We will start with hard skills that set a strong foundation for the career.
- Must have Technical Knowledge
As security administration is a technical job, it requires a complete understanding of the procedures and techniques involved. The candidate must understand the rules of firewall configuration.
Needless to say, it’s important to have a good grip on Windows and Linux. Knowledge of protocols is also necessary which includes TCP, UDP, SSL, and DNS. Moreover, one must be aware of scripting languages like VB Script, Perl, or Python.
A good understanding of security and data sharing standards such as SOX, HIPAA, and ISO is also required. This enables the security administrator to ensure organizational compliance.
As you enter the professional world, it’s a lot different there. You’ll realize that having strong command in the field is not useful until you have some soft skills. The most common soft skills that are important for a security administrator are:
A security administrator must have strong leadership qualities. If working in a large organization, you might be handling a team. With good leadership, you can manage things well and complete the difficult tasks.
- Good Communication Skills
A security administrator might need to communicate with IT professionals to offer a safe working environment for them. At other times, he has to work with different departments.
So, strong communication skills could help you share ideas and concepts with people who belong from a non-technology background.
Remember, you need to have good oral and written skills, both.
A security administrator must have the capability to understand tasks easily. He must look into the details and find the threats in the cybersecurity system of any organization.
Sometimes, security administrators need to wear many hats at a time. In such instances, strong analytical skills help him overcome the issues. Moreover, critical thinking is also important. These qualities enable him to solve problems and reach logical conclusions.
You can learn some skills yourself, while on-the-job experience polishes communication and technical skills. Make sure you have all the needed skills to get the role of a security administrator.
Generally, a security administrator works during regular office hours. However, he must be available on-call in case of emergencies. Sometimes, he needs to visit the office during odd hours if there is an emergency.
So, you need to be flexible as it’s a tough profession.
Security administrators can report to the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), Chief Information Security Officer (CSO), or Chief Information Officer (CIO).